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LOREAU Michel

 

 
Station d’Ecologie Expérimentale du CNRS
09200 Moulis France 
 
Phone : +33 5 61 04 05 78
michel.loreau[at]ecoex-moulis.cnrs.fr

 

 
 
 
CV
 
I am currently Research Director of the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Director of the Centre for Biodiversity Theory and Modelling in Moulis (France). After receiving my Ph.D. from the Free University of Brussels (Belgium), I was Research Assistant and Senior Research Assistant of the National Fund for Scientific Research (Belgium), Assistant Lecturer and Lecturer at the Free University of Brussels, Programme Manager at the Science Policy Office (Belgium), Professor at Pierre and Marie Curie University (Paris, France), and Professor and Canada Research Chair in Theoretical Ecology at McGill University (Montreal, Canada).
 
 
Awards and Distinctions
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
  • Highly cited researcher in the field of Ecology/Environment, ISI Web of Knowledge
  • The Queen Elisabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal (Canada), 2013
  • Per Brinck Oikos Award, 2011
  • Silver Medal of the National Centre for Scientific Research (France), 2004
  • International Ecology Institute Prize, 2002
  • Max Poll Prize, Royal Academy of Belgium, 1993
  • Agathon De Potter Prize, Royal Academy of Belgium, 1991
  • Paul Brien Prize (Belgium), 1976
 
 
Editorial Boards
 
I have participated in the editorial boards of the best ecology journals, including Ecology Letters, The American Naturalist, Ecology, Ecological Monographs, and Oecologia.
 
I am currently member of the editorial board of PLoS Biology and of the advisory board of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. I am also head of the Section Community Ecology and Biodiversity of the Faculty of 1000.
 
 
Research
 
My research goal is to build the theoretical foundations for a new ecological synthesis that integrates the divergent perspectives of community ecology, evolutionary ecology and ecosystem ecology. I view theory as a powerful tool to generate, clarify and generalise new concepts and hypotheses ; accordingly, I attach great importance to a tight interaction between the mathematical models I develop and empirical or experimental work on a wide range of ecosystems, both terrestrial and aquatic.
 
My main research theme during the past twenty years has been on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and on the ecological and societal consequences of biodiversity loss. This new field of research has experienced a dramatic growth to which I have strongly contributed, not only through my scientific work but also through my responsibilities in multiple national and international initiatives. I have also laid the theoretical foundations of two other new research fields that address the spatial and evolutionary dimensions of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : metacommunity and metaecosystem ecology, and evolutionary ecosystem ecology. Lastly, I have championed an integrative biodiversity science that transcends disciplinary boundaries.
 
 
Science and policy
 
I also strongly believe that science should become aware of its social responsibilities. Therefore, I have devoted significant efforts to fostering new research initiatives and linking science and policy in the area of biodiversity and ecosystem services internationally. I have been member of numerous national and international scientific committees. In particular, I initiated and chaired the Linking Community and Ecosystem Ecology programme of the European Science Foundation ; I restructured and chaired DIVERSITAS, the international programme of biodiversity science ; I chaired the International Conference Biodiversity Science and Governance organised by France under the high patronage of the President of the French Republic and the Director-General of UNESCO ; and I initiated and chaired the consultative process towards an International Mechanism of Scientific Expertise on Biodiversity, which gave birth to the Intergovernmental science−policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.
 
 
Publications

Author of nearly 300 scientific publications, among which 6 books and numerous papers in the top disciplinary and multidisciplinary journals (5 in Nature, 5 in Science, 7 in PNAS, 15 in Ecology Letters,…).

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Books
 
Loreau, M. (2010). From Populations to Ecosystems : Theoretical Foundations for a New Ecological Synthesis. Monographs in Population Biology, Princeton University Press, Princeton, U.S.A., 297 pp.
 
Loreau, M. (2010). The Challenges of Biodiversity Science. Excellence in Ecology, International Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe, Germany, 120 pp.
 
Levin, S. A., Carpenter, S. R., Godfray, H. C. J., Kinzig, A. P., Loreau, M., Losos, J. B., Walker, B. & Wilcove, D. S. (Eds) (2009). The Princeton Guide to Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton, U.S.A., 809 pp.
 
Naeem, S., Bunker, D. E., Hector, A., Loreau, M. & Perrings, C. (Eds) (2009). Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing : An Ecological and Economic Perspective. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, 368 pp.
 
Loreau, M., Naeem, S. & Inchausti, P. (Eds) (2002). Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning : Synthesis and Perspectives. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, 294 pp.
 
Desender, K., Dufrêne, M., Loreau, M., Luff, M. L. & Maelfait, J.-P. (Eds) (1994). Carabid Beetles : Ecology and Evolution. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 474 pp.
 
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Selected papers

2013

Loreau, M. & de Mazancourt, C. (2013). Biodiversity and ecosystem stability : a synthesis of underlying mechanisms. Ecology Letters, doi : 10.1111/ele.12073 (in press).

Turnbull, L., Levine, J., Loreau, M. & Hector, A. (2013). Coexistence, niches, and the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning. Ecology Letters, doi : 10.1111/ele.12056 (in press).

Sapijanskas, J., Potvin, C. & Loreau, M. (2013). Beyond shading : litter production by neighbours contributes to overyielding in tropical trees. Ecology, 94 : 941–952.

de Mazancourt, C., Isbell, F., Larocque, A., Berendse, F., De Luca, E., Grace, J. B., Haegeman, B., Polley, H. W., Roscher, C., Schmid, B., Tilman, D., van Ruijven, J., Weigelt, A., Wilsey, B. J. & Loreau, M. (2013). Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity. Ecology Letters, 16 : 617–625.

Loreau, M., Daufresne, T., Gonzalez, A., Gravel, D., Guichard, F., Leroux, S. J., Loeuille, N., Massol, F. & Mouquet, N. (2013). Unifying sources and sinks in ecology and Earth sciences. Biological Reviews, 88 : 365–379.

Cherif, M. & Loreau, M. (2013). Plant–herbivore–decomposer stoichiometric mismatches and nutrient cycling in ecosystems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280 : 20122453.

2012

Lekevicius, E. & Loreau, M. (2012). Adaptability and functional stability in forest ecosystems : a hierarchical conceptual framework. Ekologija, 58 : 391–404.

Loreau, M., Sapijanskas, J., Isbell, F. & Hector, A. (2012). Niche and fitness differences relate the maintenance of diversity to ecosystem function : comment. Ecology, 93 : 1482–1487.

Cardinale, B. J., Duffy, J. E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D. U., Perrings, C., Venail, P., Narwani, A., Mace, G. M., Tilman, D., Wardle, D. A., Kinzig, A. P., Daily, G. C., Loreau, M., Grace, J. B., Larigauderie, A., Srivastava, D. S. & Naeem, S. (2012). Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486 : 59–67.

Goudard, A. & Loreau, M. (2012). Integrating trait-mediated effects and non-trophic interactions in the study of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In : Trait-Mediated Indirect Interactions : Ecological and Evolutionary Perspectives, T. Ohgushi, O. J. Schmitz & R. D. Holt Eds, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp. 414–432.

Loreau, M. (2012). Afterword. In : Host Manipulation by Parasites, D. P. Hughes, J. Brodeur & F. Thomas Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 169-171.

Long, Z. T., Leroux, S. J., Faninger, T. & Loreau, M. (2012). Interactive effects of nutrient enrichment and the manipulation of intermediate hosts by parasites on infection prevalence and food web structure. Ecological Modelling, 228 : 1–7.

 
Leroux, S. J. & Loreau, M. (2012). Dynamics of reciprocal pulsed subsidies in local and meta-ecosystems. Ecosystems, 15 : 48–59.
 
Pillai, P., Gonzalez, A. & Loreau, M. (2012). Evolution of dispersal in a predator-prey metacommunity. The American Naturalist, 179 : 204–216.
 
 
2011
 
Pillai, P., Gonzalez, A. & Loreau, M. (2011). Metacommunity theory explains the emergence of food web complexity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108 : 19293–19298.
 
Brännström, A., Loeuille, N., Loreau, M. & Dieckmann, U. (2011). Emergence and maintenance of biodiversity in an evolutionary food-web model. Theoretical Ecology, 4 : 467–478.
 
Isbell, F., Calcagno, V., Hector, A., Connolly, J., Harpole, W. S., Reich, P. B., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Tilman, D., van Ruijven, J., Weigelt, A., Wilsey, B. J., Zavaleta, E. S. & Loreau, M. (2011). High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services. Nature, 477 : 199−202.
 
Fritz, H., Loreau, M., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Valeix, M. & Clobert, J. (2011). A food web perspective on large herbivore community limitation. Ecography, 34 : 196−202.
 
Mora, C., Aburto-Oropeza, O., Ayala Bocos, A., Ayotte, P. M., Banks, S., Bauman, A. G., Beger, M., Bessudo, S., Booth, D. J., Brokovich, E., Brooks, A., Chabanet, P., Cinner, J. E., Cortés, J., Cruz-Motta, J. J., Cupul Magaña, A., DeMartini, E. E., Edgar, G. J., Feary, D. A., Ferse, S. C. A., Friedlander, A. M., Gaston, K. J., Gough, C., Graham, N. A. J., Green, A., Guzman, H., Hardt, M., Kulbicki, M., Letourneur, Y., López Pérez, A., Loreau, M., Loya, Y., Martinez, C., Mascareñas-Osorio, I., Morove, T., Nadon, M.-O., Nakamura, Y., Paredes, G., Polunin, N. V. C., Pratchett, M. S., Reyes Bonilla, H., Rivera, F., Sala, E., Sandin, S. A., Soler, G., Stuart-Smith, R., Tessier, E., Tittensor, D. P., Tupper, M., Usseglio, P., Vigliola, L., Wantiez, L., Williams, I., Wilson, S. K. & Zapata, F. A. (2011). Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes. PLoS Biology 9 : e1000606.
 
Kylafis, G. & Loreau, M. (2011). Niche construction in the light of niche theory. Ecology Letters, 14 : 82−90.
 
Calcagno, V., Sun, C., Schmitz, O. J. & Loreau, M. (2011). Keystone predation and plant species coexistence : the role of carnivore hunting mode. The American Naturalist, 177 : E1−E13.
 
Haegeman, B. & Loreau, M. (2011). A mathematical synthesis of niche and neutral theories in community ecology. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 269 : 150−165.
 
 
2010
 
Sapijanskas, J. & Loreau, M. (2010). Cascading extinctions, functional complementarity, and selection in two-trophic-level model communities : a trait-based mechanistic approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 267 : 375−387.
 
Pillai, P., Loreau, M. & Gonzalez, A. (2010). A patch-dynamic framework for food web metacommunities. Theoretical Ecology, 3 : 223−237.
 
Walther B. A., Larigauderie, A. & Loreau, M. (2010). DIVERSITAS : biodiversity science integrating research for human well-being. In : Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security : Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks, H. G. Brauch, U. O. Spring, C. Mesjasz, J. Grin, P. Kameri-Mbote, B. Chourou, P. Dunay & J. Birkmann Eds, Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp. 1235−1248.
 
Hauzy, C., Gauduchon, M., Hulot, F. D. & Loreau, M. (2010). Density-dependent dispersal and relative dispersal affect the stability of predator–prey metacommunities. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 266 : 458−469.
 
Marleau, J. N., Guichard, F., Mallard, F. & Loreau, M. (2010). Nutrient flows between ecosystems can destabilize simple food chains. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 266 : 162−174.
 
Hector, A., Hautier, Y., Saner, P., Wacker, L., Bagchi, R., Joshi, J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Spehn, E. M., Bazeley-White, E., Weilenmann, M., Caldeira, M. C., Dimitrakopoulos, P. G., Finn, J. A., Huss-Danell, K., Jumpponen, A., Mulder, C. P. H., Palmborg, C., Pereira, J. S., Siamantziouras, A.-S. D., Terry, A. C., Troumbis, A. Y., Schmid, B. & Loreau, M. (2010). General stabilizing effects of plant diversity on grassland productivity through population asynchrony and overyielding. Ecology, 91 : 2213−2220.
 
Gravel, D., Mouquet, N., Loreau, M. & Guichard, F. (2010). Patch dynamics, persistence, and species coexistence in metaecosystems. The American Naturalist, 176 : 289−302.
 
Gravel, D., Guichard, F., Loreau, M. & Mouquet, N. (2010). Source and sink dynamics in meta-ecosystems. Ecology, 91 : 2172−2184.
 
Leroux, S. J. & Loreau, M. (2010). Consumer-mediated recycling and cascading trophic interactions. Ecology, 91 : 2162−2171.
 
Cherif, M. and Loreau, M. (2010). Towards a more biologically realistic use of Droop’s equations to model growth under multiple nutrient limitation. Oikos, 119 : 897-907.
 
Loeuille, N. & Loreau, M. (2010). Emergence of complex food web structure in community evolution models. In : Community Ecology : Processes, Models, and Applications, H. A. Verhoef & P. J. Morin Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 163−178.
 
Loreau, M. (2010). Linking biodiversity and ecosystems : towards a unifying ecological theory. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365 : 49−60.
 
 
2009
 
Gonzalez, A. and Loreau, M. (2009). The Causes and Consequences of Compensatory Dynamics in Ecological Communities. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 40 : 393-414.
 
Naeem, S., Bunker, D. E., Hector, A., Loreau, M. & Perrings, C. (2009). Can we predict the effects of global change on biodiversity loss and ecosystem functioning ? In : Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing : An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau & C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 290-298.
 
Gonzalez, A., Mouquet, N. & Loreau, M. (2009). Biodiversity as spatial insurance : the effects of habitat fragmentation and dispersal on ecosystem functioning. In : Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing : An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau & C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 134-146.
 
Cardinale, B., Duffy, E., Srivastava, D., Loreau, M., Thomas, M. & Emmerson, M. (2009). Toward a food web perspective on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In : Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing : An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau & C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 105-120.
 
Hector, A., Bell, T., Connolly, J., Finn, J., Fox, J., Kirwan, L., Loreau, M., McLaren, J., Schmid, B. & Weigelt, A. (2009). The analysis of biodiversity experiments : from pattern toward mechanism. In : Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing : An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau & C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 94-104.
 
Griffin, J. N., O’Gorman, E. J., Emmerson, M. C., Jenkins, S. R., Klein, A.-M., Loreau, M. & Symstad, A. (2009). Biodiversity and the stability of ecosystem functioning. In : Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing : An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau & C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 78-93.
 
Naeem, S., Bunker, D. E., Hector, A., Loreau, M. & Perrings, C. (2009). Introduction : The ecological and social implications of changing biodiversity. An overview of a decade of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research. In : Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing : An Ecological and Economic Perspective, S. Naeem, D. E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau & C. Perrings Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 3-13.
 
Haegeman, B. & Loreau, M. (2009). Trivial and non-trivial applications of entropy maximization in ecology : a reply to Shipley. Oikos, 118 : 1270-1278.
 
Sun, C. & Loreau, M. (2009). Dynamics of a three-species food chain with adaptive traits. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 41 : 2812-2819.
 
Leroux, S. J. & Loreau, M. (2009). Disentangling multiple predator effects in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research (In Focus). Journal of Animal Ecology, 78 : 695-698.
 
Olff, H., Alonso, D., Berg, M. P., Eriksson, B. K., Loreau, M., Piersma, T. & Rooney, N. (2009). Parallel ecological networks in ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 364 : 1755-1779.
 
Cardinale, B. J., Srivastava, D. S., Duffy, J. E., Wright, J. P., Downing, A. L., Sankaran, M., Jouseau, C., Cadotte, M. W., Carroll, I. T., Weis, J. J., Hector, A. & Loreau, M. (2009). Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of ecosystems : a summary of 164 experimental manipulations of species richness (Data paper). Ecology, 90 : 854.
 
Cherif, M. & Loreau, M. (2009). When microbes and consumers determine the limiting nutrient of autotrophs : a theoretical analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 276 : 487-497.
 
 
2008
 
Daufresne, T., Lacroix, G., Benhaim, D. & Loreau, M. (2008). Coexistence of algae and bacteria : a test of the carbon hypothesis. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 53 : 323-332.
 
Haegeman, B. & Loreau, M. (2008). Limitations of entropy maximization in ecology. Oikos, 117 : 1700-17106.
 
Kylafis, G. and Loreau, M. (2008). Ecological and evolutionary consequences of niche construction for its agent. Ecology Letters, 11 : 1072-10816.
 
Leroux, S. J. and Loreau, M. (2008). Subsidy hypothesis and strength of trophic cascades across ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 11 : 1147-1156.
 
Loreau, M. & de Mazancourt, C. (2008). Species synchrony and its drivers : neutral and nonneutral community dynamics in fluctuating environments. The American Naturalist, 172 : E48-E66.
 
Vojtech, E., Loreau, M., Yachi, S., Spehn, E. M. & Hector, A. (2008). Light partitioning in experimental grass communities. Oikos, 117 : 1351-1361.
 
Kéfi, S., van Baalen, M., Rietkerk, M. & Loreau, M. (2008). Evolution of local facilitation in arid ecosystems. The American Naturalist, 172 : E1-E17.
 
Loreau, M. (2008). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : the mystery of the deep sea. Current Biology, 18 : R126–R128.
 
Schmid, B., Hector, A., Saha, P. & Loreau, M. (2008). Biodiversity effects and transgressive overyielding. Journal of Plant Ecology, 1 : 95-102.
 
Goudard, A. & Loreau, M. (2008). Non-trophic interactions, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : an interaction web model. The American Naturalist, 171 : 91–106.
 
 
2007
 
Cherif, M. and Loreau, M. (2007). Stoichiometric constraints on resource use, competitive interactions and elemental cycling in microbial decomposers. The American Naturalist, 169 : 709-724.
 
Kéfi, S., Rietkerk, M., van Baalen, M. and Loreau, M. (2007). Local facilitation, bistability and transitions in arid ecosystems. Theoretical Population Biology, 71 : 367-379.
 
Duffy, J. E., Cardinale, B. J., France, K. E., McIntyre, P. B., Thébault, E. and Loreau, M. (2007). The functional role of biodiversity in ecosystems : incorporating trophic complexity. Ecology Letters, 10 : 522-538.
 
Fussmann, G. F., Loreau, M. and Abrams, P. A. (2007). Eco-evolutionary dynamics of communities and ecosystems. Functional Ecology, 21 : 465-477.
 
Hector, A., Joshi, J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Spehn, E. M., Wacker, L., Weilenmann, M., Bazeley-White, E., Beierkuhnlein, C., Caldeira, M. C., Dimitrakopoulos, P. G., Finn, J. A., Huss-Danell, K., Jumpponen, A., Leadley, P. W., Loreau, M., Mulder, C. P. H., Nebhöver, C., Palmborg, C., Read, D. J., Siamantziouras, A.-S. D., Terry, A. C. and Troumbis, A. Y. (2007). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : reconciling the results of experimental and observational studies. Functional Ecology, 21 : 998-1002.
 
Cardinale, B. J., Wright, J. P., Cadotte, M. W., Carroll, I. T., Hector, A., Srivastava, D. S., Loreau, M. & Weis, J. J. (2007). Impacts of plant diversity on biomass production increase through time because of species complementarity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104 : 18123–18128.
 
Yachi, S. & Loreau, M. (2007). Does complementary resource use enhance ecosystem functioning ? A model of light competition in plant communities. Ecology Letters, 10 : 54–62.
 
Thébault, E., Huber, V. & Loreau, M. (2007). Cascading extinctions and ecosystem functioning : contrasting effects of diversity depending on food web structure. Oikos, 116 : 163–173.
 
Fargione, J., Tilman, D., Dybzinski, R., Hille Ris Lambers, J., Clark, C., Harpole, W. S., Knops, J. M. H., Reich, P. B. & Loreau, M. (2007). From selection to complementarity : shifts in the causes of biodiversity–productivity relationships in a long-term biodiversity experiment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 274 : 871–876.
 
Hauzy, C., Hulot, F. D., Gins, A. & Loreau, M. (2007). Intra- and interspecific density-dependent dispersal in an aquatic prey–predator system. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76 : 552–558.
 
 
2006
 
Thébault, E. & Loreau, M. (2006). The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in food webs. Ecological Research, 21 : 17-25.
 
Mouquet, N., Leadley, P., Mériguet, J. & Loreau, M. (2006). Immigration and local competition in herbaceous plant communities : a three-year seed-sowing experiment (Erratum). Oikos, 113 : 192.
 
Holyoak, M., Loreau, M. & Strong, D. (2006). Neutral community ecology. Ecology, 87 : 1368-1369.
 
Holyoak, M. & Loreau, M. (2006). Reconciling empirical ecology with neutral community models. Ecology, 87 : 1370-1377.
 
Loreau, M., Oteng-Yeboah, A., Arroyo, M. T. K., Babin, D., Barbault, R., Donoghue, M., Gadgil, M., Häuser, C., Heip, C., Larigauderie, A., Ma, K., Mace, G., Mooney, H. A., Perrings, C., Raven, P., Sarukhan, J., Schei, P., Scholes, R. J., Watson, R. T. (2006). Diversity without representation. Nature, 442 : 245–246.
 
Hulot, F. D., & Loreau, M. (2006). Nutrient-limited food webs with up to three trophic levels : feasibility, stability, assembly rules, and effects of nutrient enrichment. Theoretical Population Biology, 69 : 48-66.
 
Loeuille, N., & Loreau, M. (2006). Evolution of body size in food webs : does the energetic equivalence rule hold ? Ecology Letters, 9 : 171-178.
 
Fontaine, C., Dajoz, I., Mériguet, J. & Loreau, M. (2006). Functional diversity of plant-pollinator interaction webs enhances the persistence of plant communities. PLoS Biology, 4 : e1.
 
 
2005
 
Loreau, M., Mouquet, N. & Holt, R. D. (2005). From metacommunities to meta-ecosystems. In : Metacommunities : spatial dynamics and ecological communities, M. Holyoak, M. A. Leibold & R. D. Holt Eds, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, U.S.A., pp. 418-438.
 
Hector, A. & Loreau, M. (2005). Relationships between biodiversity and production in grasslands at local and regional scales. In : Grassland : a global resource, D.A. McGilloway Ed., Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands, pp. 295-304.
 
Thébault, E. & Loreau, M. (2005). Trophic interactions and the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem stability. The American Naturalist, 166 : E95-E114.
 
Loreau, M. & Thébault, E. (2005). Food webs and the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In : Dynamic Food Webs : Multispecies Assemblages, Ecosystem Development, and Environmental Change. de Ruiter, P., Wolters, V. and Moore, J.C., eds. Academic Press, pp. 270-282.
 
Dirzo, R., & Loreau, M. (2005). Biodiversity science evolves (Editorial). Science, 310 : 943.
 
Caldeira, M. C. , Hector, A. Loreau, M. & Pereira, J. S. (2005). Species richness, temporal variability and resistance of biomass production in a Mediterranean grassland. Oikos, 110 : 115-123.
 
de Mazancourt, C., Loreau, M. & Dieckmann, U. (2005). Understanding mututalism when there is adaptation to the partner. Journal of Ecology, 93 : 305-314.
 
Hooper, D. U., Chapin III , F. S., Ewel, J. J., Hector, A., Inchausti, P., Lavorel, S., Lawton, J. H., Lodge, D. M., Loreau, M., Naeem, S., Schmid, B., Setälä, H., Symstad, A. J., Vandermeer, J. & Wardle, D. A. (2005). Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning : a consensus of current knowledge. Ecological Monographs, 75 : 3-35.
 
Loeuille, N. & Loreau, M. (2005). Evolutionary emergence of size-structured food webs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102 : 5761-5766.
 
Loreau, M., Roy, J. & Tilman, D. (2005). Linking ecosystem and parasite ecology. In : Parasitism and Ecosystems, F. Thomas, J.-F. Guégan & F. Renaud Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 13–21.
 
Spehn, E. M., Hector, A., Joshi, J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Bazeley-White, E., Beierkuhnlein, C., Caldeira, M. C., Diemer, M., Dimitrakopoulos, P. G., Finn, J. A., Freitas, H., Giller, P. S., Good, J., Harris, R., Högberg, P., Huss-Dannell, K., Jumpponen, A., Koricheva, J., Leadley, P. W., Loreau, M., Minns, A., Mulder, C. P. H., O’Donovan, G., Otway, S. J., Palmborg, C., Pereira, J. S., Pfisterer, A. B., Prinz, A., Read, D. J., Schulze, E.-D., Siamantziouras, A.-S. D., Terry, A. C., Troumbis, A. Y., Woodward, F. I., Yachi, S. & Lawton, J. H. (2005). Ecosystem effects of biodiversity manipulations in European grasslands. Ecological Monographs, 75 : 37-63.
 
 
2004
 
 Leibold, M. A., Holyoak, M., Mouquet, N., Amarasekare, P., Chase, J. M., Hoopes, M. F., Holt, R. D., Shurin, J. B., Law, R., Tilman, D., Loreau, M. & Gonzalez, A. (2004). The metacommunity concept : a framework for multi-scale community ecology. Ecology Letters, 7 : 601-613.
 
Loreau, M. (2004). Does functional redundancy exist ? Oikos, 104 : 606-611.
 
Loeuille, N. & Loreau, M. (2004). Nutrient enrichment and food chains : can evolution buffer top-down control ? Theoretical Population Biology, 65 : 285–298.
 
Mouquet, N., Leadley, P., Mériguet, J. & Loreau, M. (2004). Immigration and local competition in herbaceous plant communities : a three-year seed-sowing experiment. Oikos, 104 : 77-90.
 
Loreau, M. & Holt, R. D. (2004). Spatial flows and the regulation of ecosystems. The American Naturalist , 163 : 606-615.
 
Heemesbergen, D. A., Berg, M. P., Loreau, M., van Hal, J. R., Faber, J. H. & Verhoef, H. A. (2004). Biodiversity effects on soil processes explained by inter-specific functional dissimilarity. Science, 306 : 1029-1020.
 
Loreau, M., de Mazancourt, C. & Holt, R. D. (2004). Ecosystem evolution and conservation. In : Evolutionary Conservation Biology, R. Ferrière, U. Dieckmann & D. Couvet Eds, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, pp. 327-343.
 
 
2003
 
Thébault, E. & Loreau, M. (2003). Food-web constraints on biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 25 : 14949-14954.
 
Mouquet, N. & Loreau, M. (2003). Community patterns in source-sink metacommunities. The American Naturalist, 162 : 544-557.
 
Loreau, M., Mouquet, N. & Gonzalez, A. (2003). Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 22 : 12765-12770.
 
Loreau, M., Mouquet, N. & Holt, R. D. (2003). Meta-ecosystems : a theoretical framework for a spatial ecosystem ecology. Ecology Letters, 6 : 673-679.
 
 
2002
 
Naeem, S. Loreau, M. & Inchausti, P. (2002). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : the emergence of a synthetic ecological framework. In : Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : synthesis and perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem & P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 3–11.
 
Hector, A., Loreau, M., Schmid, B. & the BIODEPTH project (2002). Biodiversity manipulation experiments : studies replicated at multiple sites. In : Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : synthesis and perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem & P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 36–46.
 
Loreau, M., Downing, A., Emmerson, M., Gonzalez, A., Hughes, J., Inchausti, P., Joshi, J., Norberg, J. & Sala, O. (2002). A new look at the relationship between diversity and stability. In : Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : synthesis and perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem & P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 79–91.
 
Loreau, M., Naeem, S. & Inchausti, P. (2002). Perspectives and challenges. In : Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : synthesis and perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem & P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 237–242.
 
Petchey, O. L., Morin, P. J., Hulot, F. D., Loreau, M., McGrady-Steed, J. & Naeem, S. (2002). Contributions of aquatic model systems to our understanding of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In : Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : synthesis and perspectives, M. Loreau, S. Naeem & P. Inchausti Eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 127–138.
 
Loeuille, N., Loreau, M. & Ferrière, R. (2002). Consequences of plant-herbivore coevolution on the dynamics and functioning of ecosystems. Journal of theoretical Biology, 217 : 369-381.
 
Hector, A., Bazeley-White, E., Loreau, M., Otway, S. & Schmid, B. (2002). Overyielding in grassland communities : testing the sampling effect hypothesis with replicated biodiversity experiments. Ecology Letters, 5 : 502-511.
 
Kokkoris, G. D., Jansen, V. A. A., Loreau, M. & Troumbis, A. Y. (2002). Variability in interaction strength and implications for biodiversity. Journal of Animal Ecology, 71 : 362-371.
 
Goreaud, F., Loreau, M. & Millier, F. (2002). Spatial structure and the survival of an inferior competitor : a theoretical model of neighborhood competition in plants. Ecological Modelling, 158 : 1-19.
 
Mouquet, N. & Loreau, M. (2002). Coexistence in metacommunities : the regional similarity hypothesis. The American Naturalist, 159 : 420-426.
 
Mouquet, N., Moore, J. L. & Loreau, M. (2002). Plant species richness and community productivity : why the mechanism that promotes coexistence matters. Ecology Letters, 5 : 56-65.
 
Loreau, M. (2002). Evolutionary processes in ecosystems. In : Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume 2, The Earth system : biological and ecological dimensions of global environmental change, H. A. Mooney & J. Canadell Eds, John Wiley & Sons, London, United Kingdom, pp. 292-297.
 
Loreau, M. (2002). Biodiversity loss and the maintenance of our life-support system. In Challenges of a changing Earth, W. Steffen, J. Jaëger, D. J. Carson & C. Bradshaw Eds, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, pp. 169-173.
 
Fournier, E. & Loreau, M. (2002). Foraging activity of the carabid beetle Pterostichus melanarius Ill. in field-margin habitats. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 89 : 253-259.
 
 
2001
 
Loreau, M. (2001). Linking community, evolutionary and ecosystem ecology : another perspective on plant-herbivore interactions. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 131 (supplement 2) : 3-9.
 
Daufresne, T. & Loreau, M. (2001). Ecological stoichiometry, primary producer-decomposer interactions, and ecosystem persistence. Ecology, 82 : 3069-3082
 
Loreau, M., Naeem, S., Inchausti, P., Bengtsson, J., Grime, J. P., Hector, A., Hooper, D. U., Huston, M. A., Raffaelli, D., Schmid, B., Tilman, D., Wardle D. A. (2001). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : current knowledge and future challenges. Science, 294 : 804-808.
 
Hulot, F. D., Morin, P. J. & Loreau, M. (2001). Interactions between algae and the microbial loop in experimental microcosms. Oikos, 95 : 231-238.
 
Leriche, H., Le Roux, X., Gignoux, J., Tuzet, A., Fritz, H., Abbadie, L. & Loreau, M. (2001). Which functional processes control the short-term effect of grazing on net primary production in grasslands ? Oecologia, 129 : 114-124.
 
Korotkov, V. N., Logofet, D. O. & Loreau, M. (2001). Succession in mixed boreal forest of Russia : Markov models and non-Markov effects. Ecological Modelling, 142 : 25-38.
 
Moore, J. L., Mouquet, N., Lawton, J. H. & Loreau, M. (2001). Coexistence, saturation and invasion resistance in simulated plant assemblages. Oikos, 94 : 303-314.
 
Minns, A., Finn, J., Hector, A., Caldeira, M., Joshi, J., Palmborg, C., Schmid, B., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Spehn, E., Troumbis, A., Beierkuhnlein, C., Dimitrakopoulos, P. G., Huss-Danell, K., Jumpponen, A., Loreau, M., Mulder, C. P. H., O. Donovan, G., Pereira, J. S., Schulze, E-D., Terry, A. C. & Woodward, F. I. (2001). The functioning of European grassland ecosystems : potential benefits of biodiversity to agriculture. Outlook on Agriculture, 30 : 179-185.
 
de Mazancourt, C., Loreau, M. & Dieckmann, U. (2001). Can the evolution of plant defense lead to plant–herbivore mutualism ? The American Naturalist, 158 : 109-123.
 
Loreau, M. & Hector, A. (2001). Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments. Nature, 412 : 72-76 & 413 : 548 (Erratum).
 
Fournier, E. & Loreau, M. (2001). Activity and satiation state in Pterostichus melanarius : an experiment in different agricultural habitats. Ecological Entomology, 26 : 235-244.
 
Daufresne, T. & Loreau, M. (2001). Plant–herbivore interactions and ecological stoichiometry : when do herbivores determine plant nutrient limitation ? Ecology Letters, 4 : 196-206.
 
Fournier, E. & Loreau, M. (2001). Respective roles of recent hedges and forest patch remnants in the maintenance of ground-beetle (Coleoptera : Carabidae) diversity in an agricultural landscape. Landscape Ecology, 16 : 17-32.
 
Loreau, M., (2001). Microbial diversity, producer-decomposer interactions and ecosystem processes : a theoretical model. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 268 : 303-309.
 
Holt, R. D. & Loreau, M. (2001). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : the role of trophic interactions and the importance of system openness. In : The functional consequences of biodiversity : empirical progress and theoretical extensions, A. P. Kinzig, S. W. Pacala & D. Tilman Eds, Princeton University Press, Princeton, U.S.A., pp. 246-262.
 
 
2000
 
Loreau, M. (2000). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : recent theoretical advances. Oikos, 91 : 3-17.
 
Hector, A., Schmid, B., Beierkuhnlein, C., Caldeira, M. C., Diemer, M., Dimitrakopoulos, P. G., Finn, J. A., Freitas, H., Giller, P. S., Good, J., Harris, R., Högberg, P., Huss-Danell, K., Joshi, J., Jumpponen, A., Körner, C., Leadley, P. W., Loreau, M., Minns, A., Mulder, C. P. H., O. Donovan, G., Otway, S. J., Pereira, J. S., Prinz, A., Read, D. J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schulze, E.-D., Siamantziouras, A.-S. D., Spehn, E. M., Terry, A. C., Troumbis, A. Y., Woodward, F. I., Yachi, S. & Lawton, J. H. (2000). No consistent effect of plant diversity on productivity : Response. Science, 289 : 1255a, http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/conte....
 
Millien-Parra, V. & Loreau, M. (2000). Community composition and size structure of murid rodents in relation to the biogeography of the Japanese archipelago. Ecography, 23 : 413-423.
 
de Mazancourt, C. & Loreau, M. (2000). Effect of herbivory and plant species replacement on primary production. The American Naturalist, 155 : 735-754.
 
Hulot, F. D., Lacroix, G., Lescher-Moutoué, F. & Loreau, M. (2000). Functional diversity governs ecosystem response to nutrient enrichment. Nature, 405 : 340-344.
 
de Mazancourt, C. & Loreau, M. (2000). Grazing optimization, nutrient cycling and spatial heterogeneity of plant–herbivore interactions : should a palatable plant evolve ? Evolution, 54 : 81-92.
 
Loreau, M. (2000). Are communities saturated ? On the relationship between alpha, beta and gamma diversity. Ecology Letters, 3 : 73-76.
 
Fournier, E. & Loreau, M. (2000). Movement of Pterostichus melanarius in agricultural field margins in relation to hunger state. In : Natural history and applied ecology of carabid beetles, P. Brandmayr, A. Casale, G. Lövei & A. Vigna Taglianti Eds, Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgarie, pp. 207-219.
 
 
1999 
 
Chaabane, K., Josens, G. & Loreau, M. (1999). Respiration of Abax ater (Coleoptera, Carabidae) : a complex parameter of the energy budget. Pedobiologia, 43 : 305-318.
 
Hector, A., Schmid, B., Beierkuhnlein, C., Caldeira, M. C., Diemer, M., Dimitrakopoulos, P. G., Finn, J. A., Freitas, H., Giller, P. S., Good, J., Harris, R., Högberg, P., Huss-Danell, K., Joshi, J., Jumpponen, A., Körner, C., Leadley, P. W., Loreau, M., Minns, A., Mulder, C. P. H., O. Donovan, G., Otway, S. J., Pereira, J. S., Prinz, A., Read, D. J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schulze, E.-D., Siamantziouras, A.-S. D., Spehn, E. M., Terry, A. C., Troumbis, A. Y., Woodward, F. I., Yachi, S. & Lawton, J. H. (1999). Plant diversity and productivity experiments in European grasslands. Science, 286 : 1123-1127.
 
Loreau, M. & Mouquet, N. (1999). Immigration and the maintenance of local species diversity. The American Naturalist, 154 : 427-440.
 
Loreau, M. & de Mazancourt, C. (1999). Should plants in resource-poor environments invest more in antiherbivore defence ? Oikos, 87 : 195-200.
 
de Mazancourt, C., Loreau, M. & Abbadie, L. (1999). Grazing optimization and nutrient cycling : potential impact of large herbivores in a savanna system. Ecological Applications, 9 : 784-797.
 
Loreau, M. & Behera, N. (1999). Phenotypic diversity and stability of ecosystem processes. Theoretical Population Biology, 56 : 29-47.
 
Parra, V., Loreau, M. & Jaeger, J.-J. (1999). Incisor size and community structure in rodents : two tests of the role of competition. Acta Oecologica, 20 : 93-101.
 
Fournier, E. & Loreau, M. (1999). Effects of newly planted hedges on ground-beetle diversity (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in an agricultural landscape. Ecography, 22 : 87-97.
 
Yachi, S. & Loreau, M. (1999). Biodiversity and ecosystem productivity in a fluctuating environment : the insurance hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96 : 1463-1468.
 
Loreau, M. & Olivieri, I. (1999). Diversitas : an international programme of biodiversity science. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14 : 2-3.
 
 
1998
 
Fournier, E., Loreau, M. & Havet, P. (1998). Effects of new agricultural management practices on the structure and diversity of ground-beetle communities (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Gibier Faune Sauvage, Game and Wildlife, 15 (Special issue, Part 1) : 43-53.
 
de Mazancourt, C., Loreau, M. & Abbadie, L. (1998). Grazing optimization and nutrient cycling : when do herbivores enhance plant production ? Ecology, 79 : 2242-2252.
 
Loreau, M. (1998). Separating sampling and other effects in biodiversity experiments. Oikos, 82 : 600-602.
 
Loreau, M. (1998). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning : a mechanistic model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95 : 5632-5636.
 
Naeem, S., Kawabata, Z. & Loreau, M. (1998). Transcending boundaries in biodiversity research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13 : 134-135.
 
Loreau, M. (1998). Ecosystem development explained by competition within and between material cycles. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 265 : 33-38.
 
 
1997
 
Chaabane, K., Loreau, M. & Josens, G. (1997). Growth and egg production in Abax ater (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Pedobiologia, 41 : 385-396.
 
Guillemain, M., Loreau, M. & Daufresne, T. (1997). Relationships between the regional distribution of carabid beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) and the abundance of their potential prey. Acta Oecologica, 18 : 465-483.
 
Loreau, M. & DeAngelis, D. L. (1997). Source-sink dynamics, and the coexistence of species on a single resource. Theoretical Population Biology, 51 : 79-93.
 
 
1996
 
Chaabane, K., Loreau, M. & Josens, G. (1996). Individual and population energy budgets of Abax ater (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Annales Zoologici Fennici, 33 : 97-108.
 
Loreau, M. (1996). Coexistence of multiple food chains in a heterogeneous environment : interactions among community structure, ecosystem functioning, and nutrient dynamics. Mathematical Biosciences, 134 : 153-188.
 
Soki, K., Josens, G. & Loreau, M. (1996). Growth and demography of Cubitermes speciosus mounds (Isoptera, Termitidae). Insectes sociaux, 43 : 189-200.
 
 
1995
 
Martin, P., Loreau, M. & Josens, G. (1995). Production in the ant Leptothorax unifasciatus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Oecologica, 16 : 295-311.
 
DeAngelis, D. L., Loreau, M., Neergaard, D., Mulholland, P. J. & Marzolf, E. R. (1995). Modelling nutrient-periphyton dynamics in streams : the importance of transient storage zones. Ecological Modelling, 80 : 149-160.
 
Walrant, A. & Loreau, M. (1995). Comparison of iso-enzyme electrophoresis and gut content examination for determining the natural diet of the groundbeetle species Abax ater (Coleoptera : Carabidae). Entomologia Generalis, 19 : 253-259.
 
Loreau, M. (1995). Consumers as maximizers of matter and energy flow in ecosystems. The American Naturalist, 145 : 22–42.
 
 
1994
 
Loreau, M. & Ebenhöh, W. (1994). Competitive exclusion and coexistence of species with complex life cycles. Theoretical Population Biology, 46 : 58-77.
 
Loreau, M. (1994). Mass and energy flow in closed ecosystems : do ecological or mathematical constraints prevail ? Journal of theoretical Biology, 168 : 237-243.
 
Loreau, M. (1994). Ground beetles in a changing environment : determinants of species diversity and community assembly. In : Biodiversity, temperate ecosystems and global change, T. J. B. Boyle & C. E. B. Boyle Eds, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, pp. 77-98.
 
Loreau, M. (1994). Material cycling and the stability of ecosystems. The American Naturalist, 143 : 508-513.
 
 
Before 1994 
 
Chaabane, K., Josens, G. & Loreau, M. (1993). Quantitative assessment of consumption by Abax ater Villers (Coleoptera Carabidae). Pedobiologia, 37 : 291-302.
 
Loreau, M. & Nolf, C.-L. (1993). Occupation of space by the carabid beetle Abax ater. Acta Oecologica, 14 : 247-258.
 
Loreau, M. (1992). Time scale of resource dynamics and coexistence through time partitioning. Theoretical Population Biology, 41 : 401-412.
 
Loreau, M. (1992). Species abundance patterns and the structure of ground-beetle communities. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 28 : 49-56.
 
Loreau, M. & Baluku, B. (1991). Shade as a means of ecological control of Biomphalaria pfeifferi. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 85 : 443-446.
 
Loreau, M. (1990). The Colwell-Futuyma method for measuring niche breadth and overlap : a critique. Oikos, 58 : 251-253.
 
Loreau, M. (1990). Competition in a carabid beetle community : a field experiment. Oikos, 58 : 25-38.
 
Loreau, M. (1990). Competition between age classes, and the stability of stage-structured populations : a re-examination of Ebenman’s model. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 144 : 567-571.
 
Deffernez, L., Champagne, P., Verhaeghe, J.-C., Josens, G. & Loreau, M. (1990). Analysis of the spatio-temporal niche of foraging grassland ants in the field. Insectes Sociaux, 37 : 1-13.
 
Loreau, M. (1989). On testing temporal niche differentiation in carabid beetles. Oecologia, 81 : 89-96.
 
Baluku, B. & Loreau, M. (1989). Etude comparative de la dynamique des populations de Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Gastropoda, Planorbidae) dans deux cours d’eau du Zaïre oriental. Revue de Zoologie africaine, 103 : 311-325.
 
Baluku, B., Josens, G. & Loreau, M. (1989). Etude préliminaire de la densité et de la répartition des mollusques dans deux cours d’eau du Zaïre oriental. Revue de Zoologie africaine, 103 : 291–302.
 
Loreau, M. (1989). Coexistence of temporally segregated competitors in a cyclic environment. Theoretical Population Biology, 36 : 181-201.
 
Loreau, M. (1988). Determinants of the seasonal pattern in the niche structure of a forest carabid community. Pedobiologia, 31 : 75-87.
 
Loreau, M. (1987). Community-wide seasonal trends in the niches of forest carabid beetles. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 22 : 175-185.
 
Loreau, M. & Baluku, B. (1987). Population dynamics of the freshwater snail Biomphalaria pfeifferi in Eastern Zaïre. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 53 : 249-265.
 
Loreau, M., Baluku, B. & Josens, G. (1987). Dynamique des populations de Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Gastropoda : Planorbidae) au Zaïre oriental. Revue de Zoologie africaine, 101 : 290-292.
 
Baluku, B., Josens, G. & Loreau, M. (1987). Le régime alimentaire de Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Gastropoda : Planorbidae) au Zaïre oriental. Revue de Zoologie africaine, 101 : 279-282.
 
Loreau, M. & Baluku, B. (1987). Growth and demography of populations of Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Gastropoda, Planorbidae) in the laboratory. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 53 : 171-177.
 
Loreau, M. (1987). Vertical distribution of activity of carabid beetles in a beech forest floor. Pedobiologia, 30 : 173-178.
 
Loreau, M. (1986). Niche differentiation and community organization in forest carabid beetles. In : Carabid beetles : their adaptations and dynamics, P. J. den Boer, M. L. Luff, D. Mossakowski & F. Weber Eds, Gustav Fisher, Stuttgart, Germany, pp. 465-487.
 
Loreau, M. (1985). Annual activity and life cycles of carabid beetles in two forest communities. Holarctic Ecology, 8 : 228-235..
 
 Loreau, M. (1984). Les niches écologiques des Carabides en milieu forestier. II. Composante trophique et organisation générale des niches. Académie Royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la Classe des Sciences, 70 : 480-525.
 
Loreau, M. (1984). Les niches écologiques des Carabides en milieu forestier. I. Composantes spatio-temporelles. Académie Royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la Classe des Sciences, 70 : 333-379.
 
Loreau, M. (1984). Composition et structure de trois peuplements forestiers de Carabides. Académie Royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la Classe des Sciences, 70 : 125-160.
 
 Loreau, M. (1984). Population density and biomass of Carabidae (Coleoptera) in a forest community. Pedobiologia, 27 : 269-278.
 
 Loreau, M. (1984). Etude expérimentale de l’alimentation de Abax ater Villers, Carabus problematicus Herbst et Cychrus attenuatus Fabricius (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique, 114 : 227-240.
 
Loreau, M. (1983). Le régime alimentaire de huit carabides (Coleoptera) communs en milieu forestier. Acta Oecologica, Oecologia Generalis, 4 : 331-343.
 
Loreau, M. (1983). Le régime alimentaire de Abax ater Vill. (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Acta Oecologica, Oecologia Generalis, 4 : 253-263.
 
Loreau, M. (1977). Etude de la distribution des Carabidae dans la vallée du Viroin (Belgique). Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique, 107 : 129-146