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Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle
UMR 7205 Institut de Systématique, Evolution et Biodiversité

Contact : Station d’Ecologie Expérimentale du CNRS
Route du CNRS F-09200 Moulis
Tel +33 5 61 04 03 80 Fax +33 5 61 96 08 51


  • Graduate (Zoology), University of Louvain, 1981
  • PhD (Zoology), University of Louvain, 1992

Career positions

  • Lecturer then Professor, University of Louvain, 1995-2007
  • Professor, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris), 2006-

Research interest

I am particularly interested by the role of dispersal in metapopulations and metacommunities. My objective is to seek how individual variability in dispersal moulds metapopulations and metacommunities and drives their dynamics and evolution, and what this means for biological diversity. Current research projects focus on (1) the genomic of dispersal phenotypic variation, and its consequences on metapopulation dynamics using artificial selection and experiments in mesocosms, and (2) the modelling of dispersal in fragmented landscapes.

Recent publications :


  • Clobert, J., Baguette, M., Benton, T.J. & J. Bullock. Dispersal Ecology and Evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2012)

Papers (2010 - )

  • Chaput-Bardy, A., Ducatez, S., Legrand, D. & M. Baguette. Fitness costs of thermal reaction norms for wing melanisation in the large white butterfly (Pieris brassicae). PLoS One, in press
  • Ducatez, S., Humeau, A., Congretel, M., Fréville, H., & M. Baguette. Butterfly species differing in mobility show different structures of dispersal-related syndromes in the same fragmented landscape. Ecography, in press
  • Flavenot, T. Fellous, S., Abdelkrim, A., Baguette, M. & A. Coulon. Impact of quarrying on genetic diversity : an approach across landscapes and over time. Conservation Genetics, tentatively accepted
  • Legrand, D., Chaput-Bardy, A., Turlure, C., Dubois, Q., Huet, M., Schtickzelle, N., Stevens, V.M. & M. Baguette. Isolation and characterization of 15 microsatellite loci in the specialist butterfly Boloria eunomia. Conservation Genetics Resources, in press
  • Pe’er, G., Tsianou M.A., Franz, K.W., Matsinos, Y.G., Mazaris, D.A., Storch, D., Kopsova, L., Verboom, J., Baguette, M., Stevens, V.M. & K. Henle. Toward better application of minimum area requirements in conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 170 (2014), 92-102.
  • Baguette, M., Blanchet, S., Legrand, D., Stevens, V.M. & C. Turlure. Individual dispersal, landscape connectivity and ecological networks. Biological Reviews, 88 (2013), 310-326
  • Baguette, M. & V.M. Stevens. Predicting minimum area requirements of butterflies using life-history traits. Journal of Insect Conservation, 17 (2013), 645-652.
  • Bergerot, B., Tournant, P., Moussus, J.P., Stevens, V.M., Julliard, R., Baguette, M. & J.C. Foltête. Coupling inter-patch movement models and landscape graph to assess functional connectivity. Population Ecology, 55 (2013), 193-203.
  • Delattre T., Baguette M., Burel F., Stevens V.M., Quénol H. & P. Vernon. Interactive effects of landscape and weather on dispersal. Oikos 122 (2013), 1576-1585.
  • Ducatez, S., Baguette, M., Trochet, A., Chaput-Bardy, A., Legrand, D., Stevens, V.M. & H. Fréville. Flight endurance and heating rate vary with both latitude and habitat connectivity in a butterfly species. Oikos, 122 (2013), 601-611
  • Harold, S., Wong, Y., Baguette, M., Bonsall, M., Clobert, J., Royle, N.J. and J. Settele. BMC Ecology image competition : the winning images. BMC Ecology, 13 (2013), 6
  • Larranaga, N., Baguette, M., Calvez, O., Trochet, A., Ducatez, S. & D. Legrand. Intra- and inter-individual variations in flight direction in a migratory butterfly co-vary with individual mobility. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 216 (2013), 3156-3163.
  • Stevens, V.M., Trochet, A., Blanchet, S., Moulherat, S., Clobert, J. & M. Baguette. Dispersal syndromes and the use of life-histories to predict dispersal. Evolutionary Applications, 6 (2013), 630-642.
  • Travis, J.M.J., Delgado, M., Bocedi, G., Baguette, M., Barton, K., Bonte, D., Boulengeat, I., Hodgson, J.A., Kubisch, A., Penteriani, V., Saastamoinen, M., Stevens, V.M. & J.M. Bullock. Dispersal and species responses to climate change. Oikos, 122 (2013), 1532-1540.
  • Trochet, A., Legrand, D., Larranaga, N., Ducatez, S., Calvez, O., Cote, J., Clobert, J. & M. Baguette. Population sex ratio and dispersal in experimental, two-patch metapopulations of butterflies. Journal of Animal Ecology, 82 (2013), 946-955
  • Turlure, C., Radchuk, V., Baguette, M., Meijrink, M., van den Burg, A., WallisDeVries, M. & G.J. van Duinen. Plant quality and local adaptation undermine relocation in a bog specialist butterfly. Ecology and Evolution, 3 (2013), 244-254
  • Ducatez, S., Legrand, D., Chaput-Bardy, A., Stevens, V.M., Fréville, H. & M. Baguette. Inter-individual variation in movement : is there a mobility syndrome in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae ? Ecological Entomology, 37 (2012), 377-385
  • Ducatez, S., Baguette, M., Stevens, V.M., Legrand, D. & H. Fréville. Complex interactions between paternal and maternal effects : parental experience and age at reproduction affect fecundity and offspring performance in a butterfly. Evolution, 66 (2012), 3558-3569
  • Legrand, D., Guillaume, O., Baguette, M., Cote, J., Trochet, A., Calvez, O., Zajitschek, S., Zajitschek, F., Lecomte, J., Bénard, Q., Le Galliard, J.-F., & J. Clobert. The Metatron : an experimental system to study dispersal and metaecosystems for terrestrial organisms. Nature Methods, 9 (2012), 828-833
  • Bergerot, B., Merckx, T., Van Dyck, H. & M. Baguette. Habitat fragmentation impacts mobility in a common and widespread woodland butterfly : do sexes respond differently ? BMC Ecology, 12 (2012), 5
  • Bonte, D., Van Dyck, H., Bullock, J.M., Coulon, A., Delgado, M., Gibbs, M., Lehouck, V., Matthysen, E., Mustin, K., Saastamoinen, M., Schtickzelle, N., Stevens, V.M., Vandewoestijne, S., Baguette, M., Barton, K., Benton, T.G., Chaput-Bardy, A., Clobert, J., Dytham, C., Hovestadt, T., Meier, C.M., Palmer, S., Turlure, C. & J. Travis. Costs of dispersal. Biological Reviews, 87 (2012), 290-312
  • Vandewoestijne, S, Turlure, C. & M. Baguette. Development of novel microsatellite markers in a specialist Lepidoptera species : Boloria aquilonaris (Nymphalidae) using 454 sequencing. European Journal of Entomology, 109 (2012), 121-134
  • Stevens, V.M., Trochet, A., Van Dyck, H., Clobert, J., & M. Baguette. How is dispersal integrated in life histories : a quantitative analysis with butterflies. Ecology Letters, 15 (2012), 74-86
  • Choutt, J., Turlure, C., Baguette, M. & N. Schtickzelle. Parasitism cost of living in a high quality habitat in the bog fritillary butterfly. Biodiversity and Conservation , 20 (2011), 3117-3131
  • Turlure, C., Baguette, M., Stevens, V.M. & D. Maes. Species- and sex-specific adjustments of movement behavior to landscape heterogeneity in butterflies. Behavioral Ecology, 22, 967-975
  • Turlure, C., Radchuk, V., Baguette, M., Van Dyck, H. & N. Schtickzelle. On the significance of structural vegetation elements for caterpillar thermoregulation in two peat bog butterflies : Boloria eunomia and B. aquilonaris. Journal of Thermal Biology, 36 (2011), 173-180
  • Legrand, D., Stevens, V.M. & M. Baguette. Selection on the wing in Heliconius butterflies. BMC Genetics, 12 (2011), 31
  • Baguette, M., Clobert, J. & N. Schtickzelle. Metapopulation dynamics of the bog fritillary butterfly. Experimental changes in habitat quality induced negative density-dependent dispersal. Ecography, 34 (2011), 170-176
  • Mobaied, S., Riéra, B., Lalanne, A., Baguette, M. & N. Machon. The use of diachronic spatial approaches and predictive modelling to study the vegetation dynamics of a managed heathland. Biodiversity and Conservation, 20 (2011), 73-88
  • Bergerot, B., Fontaine, A., Julliard, R. & M. Baguette. Landscape variables impact the structure and composition of butterfly assemblages along an urbanization gradient. Landscape Ecology, 26 (2011), 83-94
  • Delattre, T., Burel, F., Humeau, A., Stevens, V.M., Vernon, P. & M. Baguette. Dispersal mood revealed by shifts from routine to direct flights in the meadow brown butterfly Maniola jurtina. Oikos 119 (2010), 1900-1908
  • Henle, K., Kunin, W., Schweiger, O., Schmeller, D.S., Grobelnik, V., Matsinos, Y., Pantis, J., Penev, L., Potts S.G., Ring, I., Simila, J., Tzanopoulos, J., van den Hove, S., Baguette, M., Clobert, J., Excoffier, L., Framstad, E., Grodzinska-Jurczak, M., Lengyel, S., Marty, P., Moilanen, A., Porcher, E., Storch, D., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Sykes, M.T., Zobel, M. & J. Settele. Securing the conservation of biodiversity across administrative levels and spatial, temporal, and ecological scales. Research needs and approaches of the SCALES Project. Gaia-Ecological perspectives for Science and Society 19 (2010), 187-193
  • Turlure, C., Choutt, J., Van Dyck, H., Baguette, M. & N. Schtickzelle. Functional habitat area as a reliable proxy for population size : case study using two butterfly species of conservation concern. Journal of Insect Conservation, 14 (2010), 379-388
  • Pavoine, S., Baguette, M. & M. Bonsall. Decomposition of trait diversity among the nodes of a phyologenetic tree. Ecological Monographs, 80 (2010), 485-507
  • Stevens, V.M., Turlure, C. & M. Baguette. A meta-analysis of dispersal in butterflies. Biological Reviews, 85 (2010), 625-642
  • Bergerot, B., Julliard, R. & M. Baguette. Metacommunity dynamics : decline of functional relationship along a fragmentation gradient. PLoS One, 5 (2010) : e11294
  • Stevens, V.M., Pavoine, S. & M. Baguette. Variation within and between closely related species uncovers high intra-specific variability in dispersal. PLoS One, 5 (2010) : e11123
  • Chaput-Bardy, A., Grégore, A., Baguette, M., Secondi, J. & A. Pagano. Condition- and phenotype-dependent dispersal in a damselfly, Calopteryx virgo. PLoS One, 5 (2010) : e10964
  • Turlure, C., Choutt J., Baguette, M. & H. Van Dyck. Microclimatic buffering and resource-based habitat in a glacial relict butterfly : significance for conservation under climate change. Global Change Biology, 16 (2010), 1883-1893
  • Turlure, C., Schtickzelle, N. & M. Baguette. Resource grain scales mobility and adult morphology in butterflies. Landscape Ecology, 25 (2010), 95-108

Chapters (2010-)

  • Baguette, M., Clobert, J., Schtickzelle, N. & V. Stevens. Populations locales, dispersion et métapopulations, In Sciences de la Conservation. Ed by Gauthier-Clerc M., Mesleard F. & J. Blondel, De Boeck Université, Bruxelles (2014)
  • Baguette, M. & B. Locatelli. Les aires protégées continentales. In S’adapter au changement climatique. Ed by Soussana JF, Editions Quae, Versailles (2013)
  • Baguette, M., Legrand, D., Fréville, H. & H. Van Dyck. Evolutionary ecology of dispersal in fragmented landscape. In Dispersal Ecology and Evolution. Ed by Clobert, J., Baguette, M., Benton, T.J. & J. Bullock. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2012), 381-391
  • Van Dyck, H. & M. Baguette. Dispersal and habitat fragmentation in invertebrates – examples from widespread and localized butterflies. In Dispersal Ecology and Evolution. Ed by Clobert, J., Baguette, M., Benton, T.J. & J. Bullock. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2012), 413-419
  • Schtickzelle, N., Turlure, C. & M. Baguette. Temporal variation in dispersal kernels in a metapopulation of the bog fritillary butterfly (Boloria eunomia). In Dispersal Ecology and Evolution. Ed by Clobert, J., Baguette, M., Benton, T.J. & J. Bullock. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2012), 231-239